An Analysis of the use of Fatawa Aalamgiri in Karachi Deeni Madaris

کراچی کے دینی مدارس میں فتاویٰ عالمگیری کے استعمال کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ

Authors

  • Muhammad Waqar, Dr. Noman Naeem

Abstract

Fatawa-e-Aalamgiri (also known as Fatawa Hindiyya) is a book of Islamic Jurisprudence compiled at the insistence of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (who was also known as Alamgir). This compilation is based on Hanfi School of Thought. In order to compile Fatawa-e-Aalamgiri, Aurangzeb gathered 500 experts in Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh), 300 from the South Asia, 100 from Iraq and 100 from the Hejaz (Saudi Arabia). Their work over years, resulted in an Islamic code of law for South Asia, in late Mughal Era. It consists of legal code on personal, family, slaves, war, property, inter-religious relations, transaction, taxation, economic and other law for a range of possible situations and their juristic rulings by the Hanafi jurists of the time.The objective of this study is to provide information about Fatawa Aalamgiri as well as analyze the use of Fatawa Aalamgiri in Karachi Madaris. The researcher opted quantitative research in which he used descriptive method in this study. The target population of this study is “Ulama, Muftees and Fresh Muftees who are specializing in Islamic Jurisprudence. Total 100respondants have been selected from the population. The researcher used non-probability convenient sampling. Questionnaire is designed to conduct research and collect data which contains 12 questions and each question is measured with Likert scale. The researcher analyzed the data using percentage system. The researcher concluded this study that Fatawa Aalamgiri is an authentic book in Islamic Jurisprudence and it should be included in Madaris syllabus particularly in Specialization in Islamic Jurisprudence course which is offered to graduated Islamic scholars to become Mufti. This book should be taught to Mufti and Ulama as well as the methods chose by jurists and the sources of this book should be conveyed to them so that they can easily extract particular problem from book. Further study should be conducted on “the methods of Fatawa Aalamgiri as well as to be compared this book with other authentic book”.

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Published

2023-12-30

How to Cite

Muhammad Waqar, Dr. Noman Naeem. (2023). An Analysis of the use of Fatawa Aalamgiri in Karachi Deeni Madaris: کراچی کے دینی مدارس میں فتاویٰ عالمگیری کے استعمال کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ. Iḥyāʾ Alʿ ulūm - Journal of Department of Quran O Sunnah, 23(2). Retrieved from https://joqs-uok.com/index.php/ihya/article/view/182